Southwest Montana Astronomical Society

Amateur Astronomy Under The Big Sky
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  • February SMAS Meeting

    Posted on February 16th, 2015 Lynn Powers No comments

    Is it February already!  Time is going by fast.  I spent the past week in Chicago for a Heliophysics workshop.  More activities for us to do at outreach events this summer.

    Our February SMAS meeting will be back at FIRE STATION #3, located at the regional park. We are hoping for clear skies. We will start our meeting inside then head out to view the sky. We will learn how to use a star map and plansphere. How to navigate the night sky.

    See you Friday February 27th at 7:00 p.m.

    Fire Department #3

  • January 2015 SMAS meeting

    Posted on January 13th, 2015 Lynn Powers No comments

    NOTE LOCATION CHANGE FOR CLUB MEETING:

    On Friday January 30th join SMAS for a telescope class.  So, you got a new telescope for Christmas — Now what?

    Bring your scope to the Bozeman Public Library, 6:30 for an introductory class.  We’ll go over basics and if the weather is nice we’ll head out and look for Comet Lovejoy and other objects.   This will be followed by a brief talk starting at 7:30.

    ASTRONOMY FRONTIERS: 25 years ago and 25 years from now
    Shane L. Larson
    Northwestern University & Adler Planetarium

    Astronomy is always on the move, a constantly changing landscape of knowledge, mysteries, questions and answers.  Over the past 400 years, the field of astronomy has evolved rapidly, driven largely by the evolution of technology, a fact that is as true for professional astronomers as it is for amateur astronomers!  In this talk, we’ll discuss the tapestry of astronomical technology and knowledge 25 years ago, examine how our perceptions of the Cosmos have changed dramatically in the short time since then, and speculate wildly on what the future may hold.

  • SMAS in 2015

    Posted on January 1st, 2015 Lynn Powers No comments
    To give you an Idea of what we are planning for the year: 
    • January SMAS meeting –  How to set up your new telescope
    • February SMAS meeting – The night sky and how to use a planesphere
    • March SMAS meeting – Star Hopping and Messier objects
    • APRIL SMAS MEMBERS – Messier Marathon
    • May SMAS events – Potluck and plan out Astrofair
    • June SMAS events – Astrofair, Summer equinox and Stars over Bozeman star party
    • July SMAS events – Stars over Bozeman star party and 2nd annual International SUN-day
    • August SMAS events – Montana Star Watch, Stars over Bozeman star party and Sweet Pea stomp rockets
    • September SMAS meeting – Meteor showers and comets, 5th annual International Observe the Moon Night
    • October SMAS meeting – tbd
    • Nov/Dec SMAS meeting – Elections and potluck

    2015 is the Centennial of General Relativity and the International Year of Light, watch for upcoming events

  • November\December SMAS meeting

    Posted on November 18th, 2014 Lynn Powers No comments

    We combine our November and December meetings, so our next meeting will be on Friday December 5, 2014 at 6:00 p.m. We will be meeting at the Bozeman Fire Station #3 located off of Davis Drive between Babcock and Oak Streets.  Enter in by the flag pole.  Contact  me if you need directions.  We will announce election results and finish off with a potluck.  SMAS will provide the main dish, members are asked to bring a side dish, salad, or dessert to share.

    UPDATE:  It was a fabulous potluck with great food and conversations. It was nice to catch up with everyone and share what is going on with our shared hobby.  We talked about new scopes and old scopes, we discussed astrophotography and the new Orion Mission that went up today – history in the making!   Here is a screen shot from shortly after take off this morning 12/5/14.  I watched the event on NASA tv. 

  • Where the Heavenliest of Showers Come From

    Posted on November 12th, 2014 Lynn Powers No comments

    By Dr. Ethan Siegel

    You might think that, so long as Earth can successfully dodge the paths of rogue asteroids and comets that hurtle our way, it’s going to be smooth, unimpeded sailing in our annual orbit around the sun. But the meteor showers that illuminate the night sky periodically throughout the year not only put on spectacular shows for us, they’re direct evidence that interplanetary space isn’t so empty after all!

    When comets (or even asteroids) enter the inner solar system, they heat up, develop tails, and experience much larger tidal forces than they usually experience. Small pieces of the original object—often multiple kilometers in diameter—break off with each pass near the sun, continuing in an almost identical orbit, either slightly ahead-or-behind the object’s main nucleus. While both the dust and ion tails are blown well off of the main orbit, the small pieces that break off are stretched, over time, into a diffuse ellipse following the same orbit as the comet or asteroid it arose from. And each time the Earth crosses the path of that orbit, the potential for a meteor shower is there, even after the parent comet or asteroid is completely gone!

    This relationship was first uncovered by the British astronomer John Couch Adams, who found that the Leonid dust trail must have an orbital period of 33.25 years, and that the contemporaneously discovered comet Tempel-Tuttle shared its orbit. The most famous meteor showers in the night sky all have parent bodies identified with them, including the Lyrids (comet Thatcher), the Perseids (comet Swift-Tuttle), and what promises to be the best meteor shower of 2014: the Geminids (asteroid 3200 Phaethon). With an orbit of only 1.4 years, the Geminids have increased in strength since they first appeared in the mid-1800s, from only 10-to-20 meteors per hour up to more than 100 per hour at their peak today! Your best bet to catch the most is the night of December 13th, when they ought to be at maximum, before the Moon rises at about midnight.

    The cometary (or asteroidal) dust density is always greatest around the parent body itself, so whenever it enters the inner solar system and the Earth passes near to it, there’s a chance for a meteor storm, where observers at dark sky sites might see thousands of meteors an hour! The Leonids are well known for this, having presented spectacular shows in 1833, 1866, 1966 and a longer-period storm in the years 1998-2002. No meteor storms are anticipated for the immediate future, but the heavenliest of showers will continue to delight skywatchers for all the foreseeable years to come!

    What’s the best way to see a meteor shower? Check out this article to find out: http://www.nasa.gov/jpl/asteroids/best-meteor-showers.

    Kids can learn all about meteor showers at NASA’s Space Place: http://spaceplace.nasa.gov/meteor-shower.  

    Image credit: NASA / JPL-Caltech / W. Reach (SSC/Caltech), of Comet 73P/Schwassman-Wachmann 3, via NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope, 2006.

  • Poetry, dance, physics unite in Nov. 7, 8 performances of ‘Rhythms of the Universe’

    Posted on October 31st, 2014 Lynn Powers No comments

    UPDATE: Bravo!  Hopefully you were able to make one of the performances, I did and it was very impressive – great going!

    You may remember in April 2013 Nico Yunes from MSU invited SMAS to his Celebrating Einstein events.  He wanted us to know about the next installment called Rhythms of the Universe.  Nico received NASA’s Einstein Fellowship in 2010 and researches Einstein’s Theory of General Relativity and gravitation, specializing in black holes, neutrons stars and compact binaries.   This show combines astrophysical concepts, poetry and dance.  Participants spent several months learning about black holes, neutron stars, etc., then wrote poetry that incorporated those concepts. They will perform their poems in a spoken-word format, and the Headwaters Dance Academy will interpret the poems

    BOZEMAN — Poetry, dance and physics will be entwined in a new show to be performed at 7 p.m. Nov. 7 and 8 in the Emerson Cultural Center theatre in Bozeman.

    The free public event, “Rhythms of the Universe: Words and Worlds in Motion,” will combine science and the arts in the vein of last year’s “Celebrating Einstein” event, said Montana State University physicist Nico Yunes who organized both.

    The event will consist of a series of spoken-word performances that will use astrophysics imagery to convey human and social issues, followed by contemporary dance pieces aimed at providing an interpretation for the poems, Yunes said.

    See more information at: http://www.montana.edu/news/15151/poetry-dance-physics-unite-in-nov-7-8-performances-of-rhythms-of-the-universe

     

     

  • Pictures from the 10/23/2014 partial solar eclipse

    Posted on October 23rd, 2014 Lynn Powers No comments

    The view from the sun spotter right around maximum, we were lucky that the clouds parted.  Note the very large sunspot near the middle. 

  • View Responsibly

    Posted on October 23rd, 2014 Lynn Powers No comments

    Yes, today is the day that the partial solar eclipse will happen – but will we be able to see it?  We are hoping this predicted storm doesn’t interfere with our viewing of this event.

    Here is a reminder from NASA to view responsibly:

    http://www.nasa.gov/content/goddard/how-to-safely-watch-the-october-23-partial-solar-eclipse/#.VEkJv2ex3q5

    NASA has a great website with activities, here is a link to activities specifically for eclipses:

    http://nasawavelength.org/resource-search?qq=eclipse&educationalLevel

    And here is the link to 365 Days of Astronomy and the podcast for today’s eclipse is made by a friend of mine:

    http://cosmoquest.org/x/365daysofastronomy/

     

  • Partial solar eclipse visible in Bozeman 10/23/14 starting at 2:58 p.m.

    Posted on October 13th, 2014 Lynn Powers No comments

    Join the Southwest Montana Astronomical Society and the Bozeman High School Astronomy Club at the Bozeman Public Library (626 E Main Street, Bozeman), on Thursday October 23rd, starting at 2:58 p.m. for the Don’t Look at the Sun Solar Eclipse Event!

    As you all should know ~~ You could damage your eyes if you look at the sun.

    At maximum, around 4:19 p.m. the Moon will be covering the solar disk ~55%

    We will be at the library with safe solar viewing using a sun spotter, white light filter telescope, an h-alpha filter telescope and many supplies for making your very own solar projector — also feel free to bring your own projector.  All the students in the Bozeman School district have been challenged to make their own solar projector.

    What is a solar projector?

    Anything with a small hole that you can project the sun through and view the shadows.

    Here are some examples:

     

     

     

  • Great picture of lunar eclipse – how did your pictures turn out?

    Posted on October 9th, 2014 Lynn Powers No comments

    From the Livingston Enterprise: Published: Wed, 10/08/2014 – 8:50pm

    Blood Moon: Fall moon eclipse puts on dramatic early morning show

    Enterprise photo by Hunter D’Antuono

    Wednesday morning’s lunar eclipse as viewed from Livingston around 5 a.m. This eclipse was the second in a series of four consecutive total lunar eclipses, known as a tetrad.

    A total lunar eclipse, or what was billed as the “Blood Moon” in the media, was visible throughout the western United States in the wee hours of this morning.

    Lunar eclipses are the result of the Earth coming directly between the moon and the sun, which leads to the Earth’s shadow being cast on the surface of our celestial neighbor. The light of sun passing through the Earth’s atmosphere before it reaches the moon is what creates the rusty color.

    Fall eclipses tend to be more dramatic, according to Eric Loberg, planetarium program manager at the Museum of the Rockies in Bozeman.

    “In October sometimes you still have forest fires, so it adds to that red color,” Loberg said. “When the moon’s lower on the horizon, it will look bigger.”

    Lynn Powers, who holds a master’s in Science Education and is president of the Southwest Montana Astronomical Society, said eclipses are a great opportunity to address misconceptions about space and the moon.

    Powers said it’s common for people to think the moon emits it’s own light, but in reality it merely reflects light from the sun.

    “Some people talk about vampires and how they don’t like sunlight but love moonlight,” she said.

    She points out that if vampires were real, they’d be in just as much trouble under the light of the full moon, because it is still sunlight.

    “We are no longer looking up, but looking down into a scope or at technology,” she said of people’s relationship with the sky. “We are getting more disconnected with our naked eye viewing, which is sad. Events like this get people out.”

    This eclipse was the second in what’s called a tetrad — an event in which four lunar eclipses occur in secession without a partial eclipse in between. The events are spaced about six months apart. The next eclipse in the series will occur April 4, 2015, but will not prove as spectacular a display from Montana as Wednesday’s event. The next tetrad will occur through 2032 and 2033.

    “It’s still more interesting to see the real thing than watch it online,” said Loberg.

    Coming up in other astronomical news, a partial solar eclipse will be visible from Montana at 2:58 p.m. on Oct 23. Powers reminds the public to never look directly into the sun.

    —–

    Hunter D’Antuono may be reached at photo@livent.net.